Livraria Lello & IrmãoStudents are turning savvy these days, steering through college all geared up and dodging the obscenely expensive books from the campus bookstores with the help of textbook-centered websites, where you can pick up books that are easy on the pocket.

Paying for textbooks puts a knock on students’ resources. However, you can now be able to purchase new and used textbooks at considerable discounts, thanks to dedicated textbook websites. Here are five of the many textbook-centered websites students can turn to, to save on books.

  •, as we know it, is already a household name and need not an introduction. This website has a massive array of new and old books that course into the tens of thousands by means of titles, subjects and categories. It has a specific student/textbook section with improved textbook search and student-focused features that also offer different shipping option, giving students best deals there are!
  • permits you to either purchase, rent, and sell textbooks, to and from other students, offering a savings of up to 90% on used college textbooks. It boasts a textbooks buyback prices that will surely helps you to recoup some cash as well. Among its awesome features is the textbook prices comparison engine that can rally round new, used and rental textbook prices to find cheapest alternative.
  • is a website that lets you rent your books for a small percentage of the price, excluding the displeasure of selling the books back and the frustration in how little you get back, offering you a savings of up to 80 to 90 percent of the cost if you can sell all your books back to them. Users are given the option to pick out the length of your rental, the sort of shipping you desire and the alternative for a full refund within 30 days of purchase. And as soon as you’re done with the books, slip them in their prepaid shipping envelope and drop them in the mail to send it back, easy as 1, 2, 3!
  • presents thousands of new and used DVDs and textbooks online. They store a hefty stock at their Ohio-based headquarters. Aside from offering textbooks from their own inventory, they are also a secondary seller marketplace as well where users can put up their textbooks for sale online via their website and cater to the needs of students with its no-questions-asked return policy. also purchases books directly, compensates for shipping costs and receives various payment options including check, PayPal and store credit.
  • is an online marketplace offering inexpensive textbooks from more than 10,000 independent booksellers nationwide. concentrates solely on students and your textbook needs by presenting only textbooks. Selling textbooks online can be done through the website as well, giving you the option to choose to either put your textbooks on sale directly to ValoreBooks or sign up as marketplace sellers.

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Flavio di Giorgi, professor da USP

Flavio di Giorgi, professor of USP

Bad school reviews, concerns regarding professors, and poor student performances–these topics, for you, may be none of your business. You might think that these matters should be made private; that these things should be discussed within the school premises only. But then, what if you came from one of those rumored schools? What if some of those professors are your friends or people you know, at least? And most importantly, what if those students, whose cries couldn’t be heard, are your family members? These problems, coming from a big or small community, affect the educational system.

Rate Professor” websites, online survey systems on schools and professors for students, was made for the public. Although it might sound advantageous, there are still a few people who are against it. The reason behind why some people are against this idea is: they find it as a violation to their right of privacy. When a school or a professor gets mad, it’s either because of untrue stories or shame. Shame, because they are aware that what they’re doing are unethical, but they don’t find any reason to change such attitude. On the other hand, sadly, some students take online professor ratings for granted; they don’t take surveys seriously, and they even make fun of it. But that’s didn’t defeat the purpose altogether.

Several people find such online surveys a great advantage, especially for the future generations. We all know that everything we do today could affect the future, which is why people of today are doing the most they can. These “rate professor” sites still hold authentic and context-consistent reviews that if the student was discriminating enough, he would know that the one who wrote the review was really telling a balanced story. Through these truthful and balanced stories, these review sites increase in credibility and the spillover effect of this is that the professors, themselves, will also depend on it to do self evaluation.

It’s also a way for the professor to get to know his students. You know how grumpy and old-fashioned some seasoned professors can be. They think that because a certain style has worked in his time, he would think that it would still work now. However, times change and the people also shift preferences. When these “rate professor” sites serve as their eye to the other side of their profession (how they ACTUALLY do their job), it gives him more impetus to adjust.

At the end of the day, online ratings will count so if you ever get around to writing one, make it as truthful and as balanced as possible. The future somehow depends on you, you know that!

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ebooks in a smartphoneOnline textbooks are rapidly becoming popular because they have quite a few advantages over their paper predecessors.

When trying to cut down on total budget for books, it is a good idea to look at all possible avenues. Rather than buying textbooks, it is more budget-friendly to purchase the important tomes off an e-bookstore, where you can get a huge array of great books at a really low price.

The best thing about these books is that they are easy to use, purchase, and keep. Here are our top five reasons for choosing these stores over a normal bookstore if you are not averse to the concept of e-books.

  • Online textbooks are cheap. The truth is, when you go and buy expensive books, they actually cost you much more than an e-book version. Most intelligent publishers produce books which come in paperback, hardcover and e-book version nowadays. When looking for college textbooks, you can also stumble upon a reasonable store from where you can actually purchase them for cheap.
  • One storing device for many. Mostly, if you purchase a Kindle, or have an e-book reader, or just own a computer, then you can easily go into any online ebookstore and purchase a good book from them. One storing device can actually keep a lot of books, so you do not have to waste time or space on these books.
  • Environment-friendly. One of the biggest advantages of going paper-free is to conserve trees. Books, made of paper, make use of a huge number of wood or lumber to create, and it is a very good idea, which is safe too, and thus, makes you friendlier to the environment. Each small step from every online reader can save up a huge amount of paper, and that can add up to saving the universe.
  • Easy to carry. Instead of carrying a huge number of college textbooks, and lug them across the campus, you can simply buy an online version from an e-bookstore. In college, a lot of students complain about back pains due to carrying heavy bags. This is a great way of lightening up the bag.
  • Can be shared easily. A lot of times books are not available in the libraries or with the sellers, and the demand for them grows by the tenfold. However, online versions can be purchased easily and they can be easily shared as well.

So, in the end, you should look out for different kinds of books from an e-bookstore, but then, look for availability of those books. There are still publishers who have not converted their books to online versions, so be on the lookout for the ones who have.

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cat on top of textbookJust like other books, textbooks can sell millions of copies worldwide. Here are 10 of the best-selling college books for different courses.

There are several textbooks that are noted for having accumulated impressive sales over the past couple of years. There is no doubt that when it comes to books, the best sellers are usually those that are categorized as fictional novels, biographies, and historical accounts. Textbooks are not usually included in such lists but in reality, these have the potential to sell more because thousands of students are required to buy them when taking specific college courses.

When it comes to such books, here are 10 of the best sellers. You may have already come across any of these in college. You may also check these out if you want to find out what the hubbub is all about. These can also be perfect for supplemental reading.

  1. Understanding Nutrition (Authors: Eleanor Noss Whitney and Sharon Rady Rolfes)
    This textbook covers basic nutrition topics like macronutrients, diet planning, food safety, and vitamins and minerals. It is so far the best selling reading material about introductory nutrition, having sold more than a million copies.
  2. Psychology (Author: David G. Myers)
    As a psychology class standard, the book is one of the top choices about the course. Each new edition features meticulous updates specifically about new technologies, case studies, and latest research in the field.
  3. Chemistry: The Central Science (Authors: Theodore E. Brown, Bruce E. Bursten, Patrick Woodward, Eugene H. LeMay, and Catherine Murphy)
    The book has easily outpaced all other textbooks about chemistry. The reason is that its content has been written in a way that can be more easily understood by students. Many professors also prefer to use this textbook. The 12th edition has so far sold millions of copies since its launch.
  4. Principle of Microeconomics (Author: N. Gregory Mankiw)
    Not too many students like to study economics, which they often declare as an intimidating and challenging subject in college. However, this book has presented economics in a more interesting, friendly, and engaging way. Students are also given the opportunity to have an online interaction with the author for clarifications and inquiries about specific content of the book.
  5. Business Law: Text and Cases (Authors: Roger LeRoy Miller, Frank B.Cross, and Kenneth Clarkson)
    The book blends teaching of classic ‘black letter law’ with cutting-edge examples that are drawn from contemporary issues and cases. Now on its 12th edition, it is used by more universities and colleges than all other business law textbooks since its initial release in 1980.
  6. The Art of Public Speaking with Connect Lucas (Author: Stephen Lucas)
    Since its first release in 1989, this textbook has become among the most widely used books about speech and communication in the US. The author, a professor in the University of Wisconsin-Madison, has written the content to be easier to read. To date, it has sold more than 10 million copies worldwide.
  7. Managerial Accounting (Author: Peter Brewer, Ray Garrison, and Eric Noreen)
    The popular accounting textbook focuses on major functions of managers within organizations. The book presents accounting information required to fulfill specific financial functions. Since it was initially published, this has sold more than 3 million copies already.
  8. Calculus, 7th Edition (Author: James Stewart)
    This is logically the most popular textbook for college students who take Calculus. It is filled with loads of exercises, helpful graphics, and detailed text content. Proof of its popularity is the fact that the book has already been translated into various languages like Spanish, French, Portuguese, Chinese, Italian, Korean, Indonesian, and Greek.
  9. Biology with Mastering Biology, 8th Edition (Authors: Beil Campbell and Jane Reece)
    The best selling and most popular college biology textbook in the US and around the world has so far sold more than 6 million copies. The book is known as a good source of knowledge about important biology concepts like the foundations of ecosystems and cell reproduction. The 8th edition comes with a free version in e-book format for students who prefer to use virtual books.
  10. Anatomy & Physiology: The Unity of Form and Function, 5th Edition (Author: Dr. Kenneth Saladin)
    It took Georgia college professor Kenneth Saladin four years to complete writing this textbook. The content uses conversational writing, numerous illustrations, and storytelling to help students take a better understanding of the complex topics in the subject. It has a unique perspective that is favored by students and professors alike.

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open textbookFeared that it would go to imminent extinction college textbooks now could well be saved with a new technique: renting.

Online retailers have been one of stiff competitors of brick and mortar college bookstores. Due to the popularity of tablets and ebooks, students are starting to abandon the use of traditional school textbooks and and would rather use the digital format to free them with weight for using a paper-based book. advocates the use of digital books but also offers new ways for students to buy, sell, or rent college textbooks online.

Many large publishing corporations and bookstores are now devising plans to make buying and selling of textbooks easier and affordable for students. They now see that renting is one of the key ways to help students cope with the rising cost of coursebooks in schools.

The National Association of College Stores (NACS) says that textbooks, especially the large ones, usually costs more than a $100. With college textbook rental becoming a norm, students students now are able to have the textbook 33% to 55% less of the book’s actual price which translates to huge saving for college students.

The overall savings is estimated to being $300 million for 2012. in 1998, students spend $702 on average in buying their textbook necessities, this year it’s not as much at $655.

NACS will soon start offering in-store rentals so that students can rent college textbooks in all of its 3,000 members nationwide. The number has increased since 2009 with only 300 stalls only allowing in-store rentals.

Students often get discouraged in buying textbooks due to the initial cost associated with them. Imagine buying a $100 worth of textbook only to get around 10%-20% at the end of the semester during buyback season. Jeff Cohen, a textbook analyst, said that renting is seen as cost-efficient among college students because they feel that they’re getting more value than buying new one and sell them at a far lesser price at the end of the semester.

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Hoover Tower Beyond Green Library Stanford University

Hoover Tower Beyond Green Library Stanford University

Every college course to be taken per semester should be carefully and logically chosen. It is not ideal to simply go with the flow. Here are some strategies when choosing subjects to be taken each term.

It is not surprising that numerous college students do not know how to make and take advantage of their freedom for academic choices. Colleges and universities set requirements in curriculum but it is still the students who will make important decisions on what, when, and how to take subjects.

It is not enough to just go with the flow. Students who make college course plans tend to perform better and graduate on time. Planning the courses to be taken and the chronological order is ideal. This way, students will stay focused and organized as they complete required program courses. Here are some tips when choosing courses to take per semester.

Taking general education subjects

There are specific general education courses that students are required to complete. Those subjects may vary depending on the degree program taken. A list of those should be obtained when making a college course plan, which is a must for every student. General education subjects should be carefully distributed throughout the four-year term.

Some of the subjects are easy and some are challenging. In a semester, it will help if easier general education courses will be taken with more challenging minor or major subjects to achieve a balance. Some general education subjects should also be taken first as those can be additional prerequisites or foundation for more complex required courses.

Enrolling in required courses

Every specific degree program comes with its own set of required subjects to be taken by students. Minor and major subjects can be challenging. During college course planning, obtain a list of those required courses in the program. Take note of the prescribed chronological order. Some courses should be taken following completion of prerequisite subjects.

Every student should consult his college adviser when making a college course plan. The adviser can give more recommendations and insights when choosing subjects and making schedules. The professor can give ideas about which subjects to take first, what elective courses to choose, and how to strike a balance when mixing courses per semester.

Considering professors

Most colleges and universities facilitate faculty evaluations by students before the end of every semester. The results can be released to the public. Those assessments can provide hints about how other students find the effectiveness of instructors or professors.

When deciding on the courses and schedules to take, most students do not forget to check out the professors handling the classes. As much as possible, students try to avoid ‘terror’ or unreasonable professors, who have already been proven to make completing their subjects an ordeal. Students also tend to perform better when they get along with their professors in every class. It is ideal to take a course under an effective professor.

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Yale University- Battell Chapel

Yale University- Battell Chapel

Many colleges and universities are now shifting to online course ratings. Find out why students and professors prefer this over the traditional approach.

The education system is catching up with technology. The Internet is now an effective and useful tool to make learning more effective. Universities and colleges are now using online course ratings to generate feedback from their students about courses and instructors. This way, the institutions can consider and take better approaches to improve students’ and professors’ class performance.

Online course evaluation is among the components of the industry’s shift to paperless processes. It can be more user-friendly and sustainable. Aside from saving paper each semester, it can also boost the number of students who actually fill out and complete course evaluation forms.

Advantages to students

It is not surprising that most college students today prefer online course ratings. First, they logically appreciate the option to complete evaluation survey forms on their own time. They may possibly accomplish the forms while doing many other things while logged in to the Internet. Most modern students like multitasking.

In addition, they prefer having more time to carefully and strategically think about their evaluation responses. Then, they generally find it easier to submit forms online. Lastly, online ratings facilitate greater anonymity as online forms do not allow possible identification through handwriting. Many students are afraid to be more honest in giving feedback because they are uncomfortable with the thought that their professors may know about their opinion and ratings.

Advantages to faculty

Interestingly, many instructors or professors also prefer the online approach to course ratings. They support the initiative to make the evaluation virtual and interactive. Online course evaluations are known for providing better-quality and more accurate feedback. The information can be conveyed in more easily understood and aggregated formats. School administrators also find it easier to tally results and make interpretations of the gathered data.

Feedback can possibly be received by professors faster. It can be soon following the turning of grades for courses. At times, results are obtained before the semester is over. This can help them assess their own performance so they can have more time to think over and devise ways to do better next semester.

Many professors are delighted to see lengthier and more thoughtful responses from students on online course ratings. This way, faculty members can obtain more comprehensive insights not just about their own strengths and weaknesses but also about the strengths and weaknesses of the courses they teach. In the end, this paves the way for more effective education/learning system.

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professor portraitThere is a general attitude of students towards course ratings. It is interesting to know how they perceive and complete such evaluations.

There are various approaches to get and process course ratings during end of semesters these days. The traditional way makes use of printed questionnaires and survey forms, while the more modern techniques are online. As always, there is a problem about many students not showing interest to participate in this important activity.

Who takes part in end-of-course evaluations may have implications on the results. Not all students fill out those forms for many reasons. Some of them use the ratings to get back at their professors, who may have given them unwanted grades on assignments or paper works. The satisfaction of students can facilitate bias and send ratings to upward or downward direction.

Interestingly, there have been many studies about the attitude of students towards course ratings. School administrators, professors, and students should know and understand the trend that may still be prevailing today.

New and major students

Most of the studies have found that freshmen or new college students are more likely to actively participate in professor/course evaluation activities. This suggests that new college students are more enthusiastic about university or college life. They may have high hopes about how their assessments of their professors can make a difference. However, as the trend shows, as students go on and get more used to college life, some of them think that evaluations are not seriously taken by the university.

Students who are evaluating courses that are major requirements in their courses also tend to fill out ratings forms. They think courses in their own major are more significant than all other courses. Thus, students try to participate in course ratings because they think doing so may make a difference.

Students who neglect course evaluations

According to some researches, students with lighter course loads and those with lower cumulative GPAs/course grades are less likely to participate in the activity. Men are generally less likely to evaluate courses than women in a reason that still puzzles researchers. Course load variable seems to be a measure of students’ attachment to a college or university. Logically, those taking fewer subjects become less committed and tend not to participate in such activities.

Students who are doing poorly in a course should not be expected to seriously take course evaluations or ratings. If they do, they tend to be punitive because they look at the evaluation as an opportunity to get even with their professors.

With all these information, anyone can infer that course evaluations may not truly reflect professors’ performance. The results can be biased in favor of the instructors. However, course ratings are still considered reliable because many universities now use different strategies and approaches to extract real and honest feedback from their students.

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Creative Commons LogoCreative common licenses is becoming a norm in many digital and literary works nowadays. If you are now aware of what creative commons and creative commons licenses (CCL) are, let’s take a brief review of how the company describes it below:

Creative Commons is a nonprofit organization that enables the sharing and use of creativity and knowledge through free legal tools.
Our free, easy-to-use copyright licenses provide a simple, standardized way to give the public permission to share and use your creative work — on conditions of your choice. CC licenses let you easily change your copyright terms from the default of “all rights reserved” to “some rights reserved.”
Creative Commons licenses are not an alternative to copyright. They work alongside copyright and enable you to modify your copyright terms to best suit your needs.

For years we’ve seen a number of creative works protected by creative commons license as well as photos roaming around the web especially those on FlickR. Yet, we do not know exactly what they mean and what they do with the authors or “licensors”.

It is important to know that this type of license does not fully replace copyrights. Rather, they make the license easier to understand as well as help the public understand how the authors want their works to be used or distributed, or shared.

There’s a huge benefit to publish one’s work under a creative commons license. It gives you and the user of your work the protection needed by law to use and share your work without having to worry about if you are infringing your work or not. An author or licensor can specify exactly how he wants his work to be shared so that users would know exactly the terms they need to abide for using the material.

Textbooks are also one of the many creative works that can be published and protected using a creative commons license. The growing numbers of textbooks with CCL benefits millions of people worldwide and reach users more than the traditional licensing practices. Because of this new level of flexibility in sharing resources a new arsenal of free online textbooks are produced. It gives access to millions of users who depend on the Internet for resources and education.

Online textbook is the the future of education and we creative commons supports it by making licensing easier to use and understand. You can find more information about creative commons license by visiting their website.

ballpen on top of notebookThere are now two types of ways to derive course ratings from students. Feedbacks can be obtained through the traditional and online methods. Find out the difference between the two and their sets of advantages/disadvantages.

Students’ course ratings have always been among the most critical components of any school’s commitment to provide higher quality of education. Those ratings offer students the opportunity to share their opinions and assessments about their instructors or teachers. These feedback are usually the basis for university’s decisions over course content improvement, approaches, and formats.

Every semester, school administrators obtain course ratings from their students. Necessary measures and strategies are implemented to obtain the much needed feedback. The data are compiled and are reported in a way that will be easily retrieved, understood, and interpreted by all parties that will need the information. Through the years, the method for obtaining the ratings has undergone significant changes. There are now new ways to derive feedback from students.

The Traditional Method

The traditional way of obtaining students’ ratings for their instructors is still widely used. However, in many schools, colleges, and universities, new methods (specifically online techniques) are being used to break out from the conventional techniques. To obtain ratings, forms are distributed to be filled out by students. The data are compiled and are tallied to arrive to useful interpretation or assessment of courses.

One significant setback of this method is that different ratings forms may be required. Compiling and later on analyzing students’ feedback gets more tedious and difficult. Because most of the tasks have to be done manually, course ratings may take some weeks or even months before those are released. This is why the online method of obtaining and sharing feedback has become a popular alternative.

Online ratings

The Internet is the most convenient way to process information. That is why it is now popularly used to obtain feedback from students. School administrators disseminate email messages to students asking them to answer questionnaires and send the responses back to the sender. At times, links are provided to redirect students to especially designed and allotted evaluation sites.

The use of the Blackboard Suite is also becoming an ideal way to obtain course ratings from students. The online portal is accessed by students and serves as a virtual classroom. There is a particular section for students’ feedback or assessments of specified courses. Data obtained are instantly compiled and processed to provide immediate analysis and assessment information. The entire process is made speedier and more convenient. Most school administrators and students unsurprisingly prefer the online methods for obtaining ratings than the traditional.

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I’ve recently come across a really interesting infographic that details how college students behave in terms of spending their money on things related to school as well as the stuff they do to save some dime.

As a college student every single cent counts, yet all these small expenses quickly adds up. Let’s take look at this infographic below and see how students spend their money in school and at home and how they can do simple tips to help them save.


Tuition fee occupies the biggest cut to student budget. There is no other expenses that chops the huge part of a student budget other than this but there are small expenses that could add up and turn out to be more than the former.

The infographic you can see below is actually based on the national survey conducted by the 21st Century Insurance. The survey’s main focus is to understand how students manage their money beginning from how they spend it and how they save it. It is also important to realize that there’s a certain percentage of margin of errors so all these data may not be absolute or reflect the true behavior of all college students but it’s enough to provide clues.

Look at the infographic and share with us if these figures and spending and savings habits are similar to yours.

how college student save money infographic

The Egyptian Building, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center

The Egyptian Building, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center

Prior to enrolling in any online college course, a student must take necessary preparations. Here are some tips to ensure readiness to take and complete college subjects online.

Online degree programs are popular these days. Those provide convenience and are less costly. Interestingly, some traditional degree programs in several colleges and universities also offer online courses to provide more options to students. Some schools prepare to go fully online while others are giving in to requests by many students.

If a student can take a college course online, why should he not grab that opportunity? Online courses take similar learning objectives as personal or face-to-face subjects. The only difference is the way lessons are presented. Contrary to common notion, online courses are not easier and are not less demanding. Surely, students are not required to go to campuses to attend classes, but they are required to go online and complete coursework on their own.

Before enrolling in any college course, a student should be well prepared. Readiness to take any online class requires discipline, skills, and motivation. Here are several tips for students who are considering taking online classes to complete degree programs.

Required knowledge and skills

Reading is logically an important element when taking online courses. Students should expect to read a lot. Aside from regular communication from instructors, they should read to obtain many other instructions and information required to complete coursework. Online schooling is not for students who dislike reading and following directions.

At the same time, the ability to write effectively is a basic requirement for any online college course. That is because most assignments and paperwork should be properly and clearly written. Students who are not comfortable and confident writing should consider enrolling in preparatory writing courses before enrolling in any online college program.

Required technology

Of course, students who prefer to study online should have access to the Internet. A student may not personally own a computer but he should take ways to use one on a regular basis. Most of the time, there is a requirement to configure the computer used to integrate features (like video and audio streaming) that will facilitate online classroom communication and interaction.

It is also a basic requirement to use any available word processing program. That is because most assignments should be encoded, conveyed, and compiled using a word processor, which can be easily created, edited, and sent as attachment. Students who are unfamiliar using word processors may first enroll in introductory or tutorial classes.

Time management

Of course, time management skills are required. In general, a typical one-hour credit coursework for a traditional college course may require two hours of work in online setups. Thus, a face-to-face class with three credit hours per week may require six hours of work every week. Logically, learning on one’s own can be slower and more tedious.

Increased flexibility in online classes is ideal but it comes with more responsibilities. Students should learn proper and effective time management before taking online courses. Preparation and dedication are needed for efficient and effective use of time. Deadlines set by instructors should be strictly followed. Online classes are not for procrastinators.

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student studying in front of computerRemember when all courses are only offered in traditional educational institutions and now they a number of courses that were usually learned in physical classroom are now starting to be offered online.

Perhaps you started to hear about massive open online courses (MOOC) and how institutions of higher learning are beginning to realize the potential usefulness of online learning. Before credits are only given to students who studied in traditional educational institutions, now even online universities now have the mandate to confer credits as well.

Elite universities are starting to feel threatened about the state of education and how it’s changing its course over the last decade. Because people have now become more mobile than ever the more traditional education no longer applies to many and if schools won’t adapt to the changing needs of students their future is threatened.

Several famous universities like the U.C. Berkley, Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Stanford are working together, with the help of developers, to create a new online learning system to push beyond the boundaries of online education.

These universities are working towards democratizing education and make it available for more people around the globe. A plan to make source free online resources such as open textbooks are also in place which makes the entire project exciting and promising.

And when it comes to earning university-equivalent credits Richard DeMillo of Georgia Institute of Technology is working on several seminars to put together key education policy makers and university officials in order to consider offering acceptable transfer credits to some courses and that they start to see online education as equal in terms of weight compared to attending the traditional classroom setting.

Start up MOOCs are starting to see the future of education and see the potential for growth as more and more students now take up courses online. This translates to profit because eventually more people will eventually skip traditional classes and travel around while still being able to take up courses and communicate with their teachers and participate in virtual classroom discussion with their classmates on the web.

But just like any other forms of business there has to be some sort of regulation in order to ensure the quality of education given to students who will choose to have online education against a more formal one. Changes are happening pretty fast and we can only hope that the landscape of education will soon change as universities open up and become more flexible in terms of how they define the concept of education.

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academic writing for graduate students textbookCollege students have to deal with buying books every semester. This article gives some advice on avoiding overpriced college books.

College book prices rise every year, and students are finding ways to avoid overpriced books. Freshmen students are the usual preys of overpricing, due to their inexperience and excitement to enter college. However, students should not remain financial victims. There are ways to deal with inflated cost of books every semester.

Option number one for students: buy used textbooks. Professors and instructors are supposed to provide students with a list of textbooks which will be needed for the entire year or semester, and it should include the ISBN (International Standard Book Number) of each enlisted title. ISBNs are important for you to make sure that you will get the exact book indicated in the list. You can check the campus bookstore and see if they are selling the books you need – campus bookstores monopolize the buying and selling of old books in some colleges.

You can also look online.,, and other websites also serve as online bookshops where you can purchase used college books. But keep in mind that each of these e-bookstores has different prices for every book. It is wise to check each of them and then compare the prices they offer. Choose the ones which offer the lowest price for an old book in good condition.

In case you still want to buy textbooks, avoid those which are bundled with materials such as CDs, manuals, and others (unless your teacher specifically told you that you need these instructional materials). They add a lot to the price tag, and you might end up not using them anyway. This is only a way for publishers to jack up their books’ prices.

Students can also ask their professors if they can use the older edition instead. Old editions are much cheaper, and they do not have much difference from the newest editions. Likewise, students do not need book versions with glossy and/or colored pages. They are pricey and all you need from them is the information which you can also get from the regular copies.

Of course, do not forget about your college library. While some subjects need precise books (books on architecture, or pharmaceutical chemistry, for example), most of the books on general education subjects (like history or basic algebra) can be found in the library. Students can also request their professor to place a copy of the required textbooks in the reserve section of the library. This way, everyone in the class can have the right to use the books for free.

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opened college textbookCollege textbooks are really a necessity and you can’t help but spend on it. However, there is a way to get cheaper rates by comparing the prices from different stores.

Getting college textbook can be a bit painstaking as you search bookstores and similar venues for the cheapest offer. Furthermore, getting textbook can be such a pain in the pocket as it drains your budget with book purchases. What should you do to avoid this financial mishap?

A simple answer to this problem is to compare cheap textbooks. Being careful with your finances should be your concern at the moment. Spending much on textbooks, though a necessity is not an economical endeavor as you can spend the remaining funds on other college requirements or necessities.

Here are some tips that you might want to consider when looking for cheap college textbooks. As have been said earlier, it is a must to compare cheap textbooks to get the best deals. Before the semester starts, finalizing the schedule at the earliest possible time will make the search for cheap college textbooks a lot easier. This will ensure that you obtain the reading list for the courses that you have enrolled to. After obtaining the required readings or textbooks, it is time to hunt for the books.

To get the cheapest deals on college textbooks, you really have to exhaust all means of searching; from your university bookstore and even online shops. If you are checking your local bookstore or the university bookstore when, it is not recommended that you get a book immediately even if you think it’s a good buy. Keep a list of the prices but don’t buy due to impulse. Also, check online shops for a cheaper deal.

Usually, people fail to see the advantage of buying college textbooks online. By buying textbooks online, it does not only help you to make easier comparisons but you can even get better deals than shopping in your local or university bookstore. Also, you might want to consider used textbooks. Used textbooks will really cut your costs by half or even more.

Generally speaking, comparing cheap college textbooks is simply smart shopping. It is a given that a college education is expensive and purchasing textbooks is part of the process. But there is a way to get cheaper rates on textbooks. By putting the comparisons into perspective, you get to see how much savings you will obtain. Though you may not get half the price off on your college textbook purchases, you will get to save quite an amount unquestionably.

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textbook saleRecent changes in the structure of textbook market have created much speculation about the future of the industry and its role in the 21st century educational system. Intensive expositions and insights surrounding the issue are analyzed and offered.

A recent issue came out that market figures such as Amazon, secondhand stores, textbook rental stores are fast becoming key players in textbook industry but what the issue has drawn attention to is that the average price of school textbooks is dropping all across the markets while the sales are just stabilizing, not increasing as one might hope, despite of the textbooks’ price rollback.

Many insiders in textbook industry suggest that the rental service is a formidable but hidden force behind all these brouhaha. To get a lion’s share of sales, rental services made their prices rather cheaper than what the secondhand markets offer. Publishers, on the other hand, have their own demons to face; they’re losing their safeguarded slice on textbook market pie due to open sourcing.

What the consumers should see here is a domino effect among the textbook market players: publishers lower their price, secondhand stores lower their own price and then textbook rentals have to lower their own price as well.

The result therefore should be staggering:

“The good is that some students are getting books for less money. The bad is that other students are paying more for books because fewer options are available to them.” (source)

Some end-consumers (in this case, the students) find this outcome quite improbable. The real but veiled enigma here lies on the teachers’ pick. College students are given the booklist- textbooks recommended (read: required) to secure for the duration of the term. Here, students got options- buy, rent, used, new etcetera- or just borrow the text from campus or public library.

No matter how consumers examine the whole set-up, it boils down to one thing; that the professor picks a specific text then directs students to secure a copy. Here, the real choice is not in the students’ hands; it’s in their professors’ hands. Should more teachers decide to go for online materials, open-source textbooks and the whole nine yards, then that is the point where students got tangible options to secure the required text at the channels of their choosing (buy, rent, borrow, new, used etcetera).

The bottom-line here is that the textbook publishers, from a distance, do not provide several options of contents from which the professors have to choose. The only role the students play in this whole ordered chaos is just to secure the books they’re required to have, in whatever channel or fashion of their choosing.

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textbook beside computerMore students are now using the Web to find school textbooks. In this article, you can read some tips on how to find the best textbooks online.

Finding the best school textbooks is crucial to any student’s life: with the right materials, students are exposed to various theories and perspectives that can guide in the acquisition of knowledge. However, the reality is that textbooks are not only plentiful out there, they are also becoming more and more expensive. Therefore, students are burdened with the task of finding the best textbooks to invest in.

More and more students are finding the internet as a good place to search for good school textbooks. If you are a student who wants to go online to find the best textbooks, here are some tips to help you out:

  1. Choose updated books – In general, newer materials will reflect most updated facts and are more relevant to the present. Although some professors like referring to older text that have either posed as revolutionary ideas or were game-changers in the field, the newest ones are still the ones that professors will give out to students to read. Make sure you look at the publication date, and whether the book is of the latest edition.
  2. Read reviews – Most online bookstores now provide reviews of various popular titles, so you can already refer to these to help you find the best ones for you. Otherwise, there are scholarly sites that have professors or researchers who have reviewed these materials and can also help you gain an insight on how good these school textbooks are.
  3. Use comparison sites to find the best deals – A good book will cost you a bit more money, but if you are smart and you know how to find deals online, you can land your own copy at a lesser price. Thankfully, there are now websites that will scour popular online bookstores to help you find the cheapest price – whether it’s a new or used book, or a rental one. There may also be free digital versions of the book, which can save you money on books.
  4. Ask the Professor – Your professor can most likely advise you on good titles or well-known authors on the subject you are studying. Make sure to ask him or her, as well as ideas where to find cheap copies of these books.
  5. Choose one with supplemental materials or exercises that are useful – A good book is one that will really help you in learning the topic – meaning it will not just give you facts or knowledge, but provide activities or other materials to help you expand your knowledge or test it. Books like these are great deals, so keep an eye out for school textbooks with these extras.

The quality of a book can mean the difference between sparking your interest and giving you knowledge to just being another book that you buy and then resell. Finding good textbooks is not easy, but by following the tips enumerated above, you can end up with the good ones out there.

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lady reading by the windowMulticultural issues are among the important subjects that should be taught in collegiate classrooms today. Here are five recommended textbooks about those.

Multicultural issues have become quite common in societies these days. There is diversity in individuals and groups because everyone has different backgrounds. The existence of different cultures, values, religions, and beliefs is healthy. It should not be controlled and hindered. Instead, it should be properly handled.

College students can now learn so much about multicultural issues and the impact of those to various fields. There are numerous reference materials available today that try to explain those issues and try to recommend ways for students to effectively deal with those. Here are some of the most ideal textbooks for them.

Multicultural Issues in the Criminal Justice System

Students who are taking political science or law courses can find this textbook as an ideal one for understanding multicultural issues. The criminal justice system has complex provisions regarding those concerns. Authors Marsha Tarver, Steve Walker, and Harvey Wallace have done a great job in writing and putting up this one-of-a-kind resource material.

Racism, Sexism, and the Media: Multicultural Issues into the New Communications Age
The content is an in-depth examination of how ethnic, race, and gender groups adjust with the American society. It also examines the influence of media in shaping perceptions and how the media adjusts to reach out to various people. There are up-to-date information about women of color, new technologies, and the use of social media.

Multicultural Issues in Rehabilitation and Allied Health

Edited by Carl R. Flowers, Paul Leung, Priscilla R. Sanderson, and William B. Talley, this book focuses on multicultural rehabilitation issues. The textbook talks about diversity concerns and their effect on rehabilitation and overall health of individuals. It also touches on rehabilitation counseling.

Effective Multicultural Teams: Theory and Practice

Understanding most current theories and practice perspectives particularly those significant to multicultural teams is a must for students. The book, edited by Claire B. Halverson and S. Ageel Tirmizi, teaches how to apply those thoughts as managers, team members, leaders, or facilitators. This textbook is ideal for courses in organizational behavior and management. It is recommended not just as a core textbook but also as a supplemental one. The content focuses on social identity, cultural differences, and differences in individual personalities.

Multicultural Issues in Social Work: Practice and Research

Patricia L. Ewalt has served as both an author and an editor in this book. As a recommended textbook, it presents a collective perspective about multiculturalism. It reflects multicultural reality in the US. The book also calls for research as well as practice on the knowledge that people may not readily be identified through single cultural categories. Included in the content are up to 38 articles published in four journals from 1994 to 1995.

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High pile of hardcover booksTextbooks undergo a meticulous and tedious process of formatting before publishing. That is why the books are in best and most useful form when they reach students. Here is a brief description of the long process of publishing one.

Textbooks remain as the major or basic resource material in classrooms. Thus, the books are included in the requirements for students. Educators choose the best and most appropriate textbooks to be used in their classes. The choice may not come easily as there are numerous books in the same field or subject that are available in the market. Publishers are often in a battle to win the choice of educators.

Textbooks undergo a meticulous process before they are finally published and distributed. That is the reason most of those books are in the best form content-wise when they reach students. The materials are subjected not just to tedious editing process for grammar and usage; they are also subjected to meticulous and tedious formatting process.

Writing the textbook

The author takes time to write the book. For textbooks, authors are usually educators or professors who have been focused on the subject for quite some time. They can also be experts or authorities in the subject. Publishers prefer credible authors because as businesses, they want to make sure the content will not have any issue on accuracy and timeliness.

A textbook may be authored not just by one but by several people. This is a common practice these days because it may take several authors (or experts) to effectively discuss specific subjects in a broad or general field. Publishers also prefer to provide more insights and information on specific themes or subjects. Some authors welcome the idea of collaborating with others to come up with a better and more comprehensive textbook.

When all chapters or sections are completed, those are compiled. The author/s will have to submit it to the publisher’s assigned editor. There is a need to edit and proofread the entire copy not just for spelling and grammar aspects but also for accuracy, coherence, and consistency. After that, proper formatting is applied prior to actual publishing of the book.

Formatting the textbook

After the textbook is meticulously edited and proofread, it is subjected to an equally tedious formatting process. Every publisher has its own style guide, which serves as a rule book for applying format to any book. This is the reason the books from every publishing house is uniformly formatted. The format makes a lot of wonders: like providing distinction of the book and making it more effectively structured for students to appreciate more.

Each textbook is assigned a specific format that is applied throughout the content. Consequently, heading structures, fonts, images, and sections are made uniform and consistent. Each textbook has to undergo another round of formatting if it has to be produced in electronic or digital edition.

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octopus like fernBiology focuses on the study of life and all its intricacies. If you are interested in specific sea creatures, then this list of the top ten books on various sea animals and plants.

If you are interested in researching about specific creatures, then here is the list of the top 10 marine biology textbooks that deal in specific creatures. The books offer an in-depth detailing on the subject matter, and provide a good idea about the creature in question.

  1. The Encyclopedia of Sharks by Steve Parker. A huge amount of suspicion and lies are spread around this beautiful ocean creature. Learn the difference between a true threat and a harmless plant-eater.
  2. A Fish Caught in Time: The Search for the Coelacanth by Samantha Weinberg. Known once as the missing link or, the first fish to get out of the sea and into the land, the Coelacanth was recently discovered to be alive, though extremely rare.
  3. River Monsters by Jeremy Wade. A fabulous book that talks extensively about the monsters that might come up in your line while fishing.
  4. Sea Monsters: Prehistoric Predators of the Deep (Walking With Dinosaurs Special) by Nigel Marven and Jasper James. Know all about the monsters of the deep seas, from the ancient days to the modern times.
  5. Coral: A Pessimist in Paradise by Professor Steve Jones. Ever wondered about the giant coral structures and how they are made? Learn about the way millions of years can turn dead animal bodies into a spectacular barrier.
  6. Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems by James A Estes, Douglas P Demaster, Daniel F Doak, Terrie M Williams, Robert L Brownell. A great book about whaling and whales, and the necessity of maintaining the ecosystem of the seas.
  7. Kraken: The Curious, Exciting, and Slightly Disturbing Science of Squid by Wendy Williams. For all those who are really interested in squids and their life cycles.
  8. Pocket Guide to Freshwater Fish of Britain and Europe by Malcolm Greenhalgh. This is one of the few textbooks which will help you identify and understand the nature of the freshwater fish of Britain and Europe.
  9. Whales, Dolphins and Seals: A Field Guide to the Marine Mammals of the World by Hadoram Shirihai and Brett Jarrett. In the top 10 marine biology textbooks regarding sea-creatures, this book made a space for the sheer range it can provide on the subject, about each species and their distinct nature.
  10. Octopus: The Ocean’s Intelligent Invertebrate by Jennifer A. Mather, James B. Wood, Roland C. Anderson. A gorgeous book on the nature of octopus and how they are more intelligent than most other sea-creatures.

So, check out these top 10 marine biology textbooks today and find the one you like the most.

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